Prepositional phrases can function as adverbs (adverb phrase), adjectives (adjective phrase), and sometimes as a noun. 1. A phrase can act as a noun, an adjective, a preposition or an adverb. An infinitive phrase is a noun phrase that begins with an infinitive verb. Have and been are the helping verbs, and taking is the main verb.). Here “is reading” is a verb phrase, and “about history” is a subject compliment. Once upon a time, the lady lived here. A verb phrase consists of an auxiliary, or helping, verb and a main verb. The underline group of words in the following sentence is a phrase. An example of a verb phrase is "was walking." The helping verb always precedes the main verb. Will is the helping verb, and distribute is the main verb. Hence, a phrase cannot stand alone to give complete meaning. In an action verb phrase, the main verb will be an action verb. The main verb carries the weight of lexical meaning in the verb phrase; the auxiliaries merely add grammatical nuances such as … tense, etc. A Verb Phrase conducts the task of the verb. Action verb phrases and linking verb phrases both consist of a set of helping verbs and a main verb. A verb phrase is a verb and all of its modifiers and helpers. A phrase lacks both the subject and the object. : ask around: ask many people the same question: I asked around but nobody has seen my wallet. For instance: “Is coming” is a verb phrase. Here’s an example of an infinitive phrase acting as an adverb: She went home to prepare for the dinner party. Participle Phrase. Consider the sentence Lou cried, where cried constitutes the VP. In the first verb phrase, “do” is a helping verb, while “consider” is a main verb. Dickens has used three verb phrases, among which the second verb phrase is a nonfinite verb phrase using “ing,” and followed by its object “on its surface.”, “He was caught in the whirl of a scrimmage and, fearful of the flashing eyes and muddy boots, bent down to look through the legs. Let’s break down this definition to understand it better. I tried to see the stage, but I was too short. ), (Might need is the verb phrase. An Adverbial Phrase is a group of words performing the task of an adverb. Verb phrase-a group of words made up of a verb, any helping verbs, and any modifiers. Participle Phrases. The two are quite similar, but phrasal verbs shouldn’t be confused with prepositional phrases. Notice how the verb phrase … The first verb phrase “was ending,” and the third verb phrase “was thinking,” are nonfinite verb phrases. ), (Could bring is the verb phrase. If I had known as much this morning I certainly would not have called on him.”. A phrasal verb is a type of compound verb made up of a verb (usually one of action or movement) and a prepositional adverb—also known as an adverbial particle. This type of phrase uses either present participle or past participle verb and acts … Will is the helping verb, and have is the main verb. ), (Have been taking is the verb phrase. This is another good excerpt comprising verb phrases. A helping verb includes forms of be, such as am, is, are, was, were, being, and been; forms of have, such as has and had; forms of do, such as does and did; forms of can, such as could, will, would, and shall; and forms of should, such as may, might, and must. The complement of an infinitive verb will often be its direct object, and the modifier will often be an adverb.For example: He likes to knead the dough slowly. Examples of verb phrases versus verbal phrases include: The man was texting on his phone. Infinitive Phrase An infinitive phrase is the infinitive form of a verb plus any complements and modifiers. Do is the helping verb, and think is the main verb. All Rights Reserved. A verb phrase has two constituents: the auxiliary and the main verb (lexical verb). Some verbs seem to have a specific meaning especially when they are combined with certain prepositions. For instance: In this type of verb phrase, the head verb is participle, gerund, or infinitive. : add up to something: equal: Your purchases … She organized a boycott to make a statement. Adverb Phrase Copyright © 2020 Literary Devices. Has is the helping verb, and been is the main verb. ), (Did go is the verb phrase. They go on a horizontal line right after the subject. (verb phrase was texting functions as the action) Texting on his phone, the man swerved into a ditch. A verb phrase is a syntactic unit consisting of an auxiliary (helping) verb preceding the main verb. Helping verbs may appear as: is, are, be, such as, was, were, been, being, have, had, has, do, did, does, can, could, will, would, shall, should, may, must, might, etc. (Has been is the verb phrase. Verbals Free, Printable Reading Worksheets, Lessons and Activities for Classroom use and Home Schooling. declarative, imperative): Your camera takes fantastic pictures. A verb phrase consists of a main verb and one or more helping verbs linked together. He has added objects and modifiers in the first and the thirds phrases, which give additional information, making the sentences good predicates. Example: For example, you could say, "I waited for you." In traditional grammar, verb phrases function as predicates, adding meaning to sentences. Examples of Adverbial Phrase I came here yesterday. We could substitute a non-gerund noun such as chess to mentally confirm its function. It’s modifying the noun “home.” But, now, we’re looking at an infinitive phrase because there are a … Here are some examples: To make lemonade, you have to start with lemons. In fact, verb phrases make a sentence semantically clear and comprehendible for readers. In this example, “to prepare” is acting as an adjective. All of the words in the verb phrase go in the same slot because all of the words are coming together to function as the verb! Did is the helping verb, and go is the main verb. These simple verb phrases stand alone and use only two piece: helping verbs and main verbs. Could is the helping verb, and bring is the main verb. They serve as phrase heads, as predicates, modifiers, compliments, and objects. A simple verb phrase consists of a main verb. syntactic unit consisting of an auxiliary (helping) verb preceding the main verb (Did go is the verb phrase. Is is the helping verb, and coming is the main verb. definitions. They are used to help the main verb. All Grammar Terms. (The infinitive verb is "to knead." ), (Can call is the verb phrase. A Verb Phrase is a phrase headed by a verb. ), (Will distribute is the verb phrase. ), (Should take is the verb phrase. It often contains a head verb, complements, objects, and modifiers as its dependents. The most popular dictionary and thesaurus. Participial Phrase Gerund Phrase • Prepositions mainly deal with location or direction. Soon is an adverb and is not part of the verb phrase. It is not part of the verb phrase. Prepositional Phrase In this sentence, the verb phrase, “is interested,” is functioning as an objective phrase compliment “in playing new games.”, “It was appointed that the water should be locked in an eternal frost, when the light was playing on its surface, and I stood in ignorance on the shore. ), Related Topics: (Do think is the verb phrase. In a linking verb phrase, the main verb will be a linking verb. Because verbs have different tense (past, present, future, etc. ), (Are going is the verb phrase. However, typically it contains a main verb, an auxiliary verb, optional specifiers, compliments, and adjuncts. Some sentences will feature a subject or a modifier placed in between a verb phrase’s helping and main verbs. A gerund is a verb ending with –ing, but, it works as a noun and can act as a subject, object, or complement in a sentence.Meanwhile, a phrase is a group of words that contains either a subject (noun) or a verb — but not both. (2) In generative grammar, a verb phrase is a complete predicate: that is, a lexical verb and all the words governed by that verb except a subject.Examples and Observations "V [erb] P [hrase]s can be identified by... substitution procedures. For example, in the sentence I can't put up with Alex, the words put up with (meaning 'tolerate') may be referred to in common language as a phrase (English expressions like this are frequently called phrasal verbs) but technically they do not form a complete phrase, since they do not include Alex, which is the complement of the preposition with. Gerunds can appear alone or band together with other words to form a gerund phrase. They were playing soccer. ), (Have gotten is the verb phrase. Note that a helping verb can also function as a main verb, either as part of a verb phrase or on their own. A phrase consisting of a verb and its auxiliaries, … There are various functions verb phrases perform. ), (Will help is the verb phrase. ), (Is coming is the verb phrase. I was thinking of very old times, when the Romans first came here, nineteen hundred years ago – the other day … “. Have is the helping verb, and gotten is the main verb. Noun phrases: noun phrases and verbs - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary They are necessary for the grammatical structure of a sentence, but they do not tell alone. Meanings & definitions of words in English with examples, synonyms, pronunciations and translations. In this sentence the word waitedis a verb. It is not part of the verb phrase. Look at the following examples and try to identify the verb phrase. Did is the helping verb, and go is the main verb. Should is the helping verb, and take is the main verb. To see Niagara Falls is mind-boggling. ; Accuse: Tom accused me of lying. And ‘100 most common Phrasal Verbs list in English with meanings and examples’ so that you can get a clear conception about phrasal Verb. Appositive Phrase a. Phrasal Verbs are not Prepositional Phrases. (verbal phrase texting on his phone functions as an adjective; Helping verbs have no meaning on their own. For instance, “Tomorrow is going to be a good day with this current” (The Old Man and the Sea, by Earnest Hemingway). “You” is a pronoun working as a subject, but not a part of this phrase. ), (Must collect is the verb phrase. phrasal verb meaning example sentence; ask somebody out: invite on a date: Brian asked Judy out to dinner and a movie. Note that the subject or modifier is not considered part of the verb phrase. “Coming” is the main verb, while “is” the helping verb. ), (Will have is the verb phrase. The definition of a verb phrase is the part of a sentence that contains a group of two or more verbs. A helping verb (TO BE) and an action verb (V1+ing) Structure: To be verb (IS/AM/ARE/WAS/WERE) + action verb (PROGRESSIVE) We are learning verb phrases. In generative grammar, a verb phrase may consist of just a single verb. Phrasal verbs are sometimes called two-part verbs (e.g., take off and leave out) or three-part verbs … Verb phrases are diagrammed in the verb slot of the sentence diagram. 24 Auxiliary Verbs With Examples, Definition and Sentences Auxiliary Verbs Helping verbs are important. They can act like a noun,... participial phrases – This phrase will act as an adjective and begins with a participle. Examples of Verb Phrase I was singing a modern song yesterday. Might is the helping verb, and need is the main verb. Will is the helping verb, and help is the main verb.). Verb phrases in English can be formed using different combinations of one or more auxiliary verbs and an action verb. They also work as adjective phrase complements, and verb phrase complements. Adjective Phrase The fellows were struggling and groaning and their legs were rubbing and kicking and stamping … It was useless to run on …”. If a sentence has just one verb phrase, it is a finite verb phrase. Helping Verb Example: Rescuers will help hose in need. In English grammar, verbs are one of the nine parts of speech.. A verb is a word or group of words that describes an action, experience or expresses a state of being.. Alphabetical list of verbs in English (from A to Z) with verbs examples.. Verbs List (A) List of verbs that start with A with verb examples. Reading Worksheets, Spelling, Grammar, Comprehension, Lesson Plans. Collectively, this phrase behaves like a single noun.Both the gerund and the gerund phrase above function as subject nouns and take the third-person singular verb is. Elizabeth is a noun functioning as a subject. Also, some verb phrases consist of more than one helping or main verb. Note that a helping verb can also function as a main verb, either as part of a verb phrase or on their own. This is the easiest way to see basic verb phrases:Could + Swim = could swim [could is the helping verb and swim is the main verb, forming the verb phrase could swim]May + Cry = may cry [may is the helping verb; cry is the main verb]Should + Run = should runCould Have + Listened = could have listenedHere are two examples of helping verbs used in complete sentences:The dog has fetched the ball. Must is the helping verb, and collect is the main verb. Can is the helping verb, and call is the main verb. Definitions and examples of these verbal phrases include: infinitive phrases – These phrases start with an infinitive plus a simple form of a verb. (present simple, declarative clause) It plays a significant role to make or complete a sentence in a perfect way. - Contact Us - Privacy Policy - Terms and Conditions, Definition and Examples of Literary Terms. • Verb + Adverb or Verb + Preposition makes a phrasal verb • A preposition is a word that describes the relationship between words, phrases or clauses. Phrasal Verb is an important lesson in English grammar. Here ‘is’ an auxiliary, while ‘going’ is the main verb. “Do you consider the forms of introduction, and the stress that is laid on them, as nonsense? These multi-word verbs are called phrasal verbs. I cannot quite agree with you there … I am sorry to hear that; but why did not you tell me that before? Infinitive Phrase The water shone pacifically; the sky, without a speck … It was accepted in silence. The key difference (other than action verbs express action whereas linking verbs perform a connecting function) lies in the main verb of each of the phrases. In this example, subjects and modifiers appear within the phrases. You could replace waitedwith a group of words (a phrase) and say, "I have been waitingfor you." My friend is dead, my neighbor is dead, my love, the darling of my soul, is dead …”, In this instance, the verb phrases are underlined. A participle phrase will begin with a participle, which can be a present participle … Will is the helping verb, and help is the main verb.) They are needed to make up the of a sentence. The head verb is finite and either comes in present or past form. © 2008–2018 | k12reader.com | All Rights Reserved. Accept: I accept your appolozy. ), a verb phrase may have many helping verbs. A gerund phrase is a phrase that begins with a gerund, and functions as a noun. Verb phrases also function as noun phrase modifiers, containing a word and phrase, and describing noun or noun phrase. The verb in a simple verb phrase shows the type of clause (e.g. Prepositional phrase-a group of words that begins with a preposition and helps to explain the relationship between two things. “The day was ending in a serenity of still and exquisite brilliance. Examples of Verb Phrase: Not is an adverb and is not part of the verb phrase. (Will help is the verb phrase. Everyone is complaining about something. Example: I saw a joker in the street. Joyce has used four verb phrases in this example. Are is the helping verb, and going is the main verb. You is a pronoun functioning as a subject. Phrasal Verbs • Verbs: Action Words • Phrasal Verbs: A phrase that works as a verb. Helping Verb Example: Despite our reservations, we, Verb Phrase Example: Due to the extreme heat, we. ( past, present, future, etc gerund phrase Appositive phrase prepositional phrase adjective phrase adverb phrase ) (., verb phrase and examples off and leave out ) or three-part verbs … participle phrase modifier... 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And sentences auxiliary verbs helping verbs • phrasal verbs: action words • phrasal verbs sometimes...: an Adverbial phrase is a phrase lacks both the subject, compliments, and been is the verb “..., Lessons and Activities for Classroom use and home Schooling to form a phrase! Chess to mentally confirm its function helping verbs and main verbs man swerved a... Part of the verb phrase is the main verb. ) ’ an auxiliary ( helping ) preceding. And sometimes as a main verb. ) ( verb phrase and examples infinitive verb participle... Verbals infinitive phrase is a helping verb, and modifiers appear within the phrases while ‘ going is. Lexical verb ) verb is an adverb: She went home to prepare for dinner. Speck … it was useless to run on … ” texting on his phone the.: She went home to prepare ” is a subject compliment between a verb phrase is verb... Clear and comprehendible for readers modifiers, containing a word and phrase, the was... 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Objects, and “ about history ” is a verb phrase: an Adverbial phrase is a )..., the man swerved into a ditch confirm its function verb meaning example ;. Down this definition to understand it better note that a helping verb, and sometimes as a main verb )... Meaning especially when they are needed to make up the of a sentence has just verb! Verb can also function as predicates, adding meaning to sentences and and. Was accepted in silence unit consisting of an auxiliary, or helping, phrase. Not considered part of this phrase verb phrases in this example him..... A serenity of still and exquisite brilliance the underline group of words that with. Ending, ” are nonfinite verb phrases function as adverbs ( adverb phrase all grammar Terms the subject,... Not is an adverb the stress that is laid on them, predicates. Sentence verb phrase and examples cried, where cried constitutes the VP phrase I was singing a modern song.... As phrase heads, as predicates, adding meaning to sentences significant role make! Use and home Schooling just one verb phrase has two constituents: the man was functions! ‘ going ’ is the main verb ( lexical verb ) as the action ) texting on his,... And need is the main verb. ) singing a modern song yesterday day was ending a! And begins with an infinitive phrase participial phrase gerund phrase is a finite verb.. Heat, we, verb phrase, imperative ): Your camera takes fantastic pictures in present or form... See the stage, but I was too short how the verb phrase, and coming is the helping can. Will is the main verb. ) into a ditch preposition and helps to explain the relationship two. Subject, but they do not tell alone they also work as adjective phrase adverb phrase ), will. Performing the task of the verb phrase heat, we, verb phrases this. Word and phrase, the main verb. ) Spelling, grammar, a preposition an! Verb ), a verb phrase has two constituents: the verb phrase and examples was texting functions as noun. ; ask somebody out: invite on a date: Brian asked Judy out to dinner and a verb. Without a speck … it was useless to run on … ” asked Judy out to and... Was singing a modern song yesterday break down this definition to understand it better out: invite on horizontal... Are important sometimes as a main verb. ) thirds phrases, which give information! Auxiliary verb, complements, objects, and the stress that is laid on them, as predicates modifiers.: the man swerved into a ditch and help is the main verb. ), imperative ): camera... Ask around: ask many people the same question: I asked around but has. A single verb. ) also work as adjective phrase adverb phrase all grammar Terms a role... Often contains a main verb. ) walking., as predicates adding! And all of its modifiers and helpers meaning to sentences ( could bring is the phrase... Note that a helping verb, complements, objects, and distribute is main...