Dhritarashtra hugged Yudhishthira heartily. However, the results of the war devastated him. He was blind from birth, and became father to a hundred and one sons (and one daughter) by his wife Gandhari (Gāndhārī). She said, “What is this? The Gita begins with Dritarashtra aiming to keep the kingdom in the hands of his family, and willing to battle against Arjuna, the rightful heir, in order to keep it. He ordered that the eye of the swan be damaged and his children are killed. Lord Krishna as a peace emissary of Pandavas traveled to Hastinapura persuading Kauravas to avoid bloodshed of their own kin. He never guided his son in right path. Here are some other versions impying that he was a weak character. Dhritarashtra appears in Mahābhārata sections that have been circulated as separate scriptures, most notably the Bhagavad Gita, whose dialogue was narrated to him. This blindness is metaphoric. Then Duryodhana reassured his father by praising the valour of Bhishma, Drona, Kripa, Aswatthama, Karna and others who were on their side. Sri Krishna asked him to meditate and after meditating he realized that it was the law of Karma that was in action. After Arjuna won Draupadi and the Pandavas' marriage to her, the Pandavas came back to Hastinapur. When Dhritarashtra composed himself he gave the Pandavas his blessing. , With Vichitravirya having died of sickness, Bhishma unable to take the throne because of his vow, and Bahlika's line unwilling to leave Bahlika Kingdom, there was a succession crisis in Hastinapur. He was a strong warrior, unlike Pandu who was an expert in archery and Vidura who mastered the art of politics. Sanjaya dutifully narrates the war to his liege, reporting how Bhima killed all his children. When Vyasa went to impregnate Ambika, his scary appearance frightened her, so she closed her eyes during their union; hence, her son was born blind. After the war ended, the victorious Pandavas arrived at Hastinapur for the formal transfer of power. The Life and times of Shakuni. Though individuals like Vikarna and Vidura objected to the wrongdoing of Duryodhana, most of the spectators were helpless due to their obligations to Hastinapur; Dhritarashtra could have spoken out but did not. All of his sons and grandsons were killed in the carnage. , After the lakshagraha incident, in which the Pandavas are apparently killed, Dhritarashtra mourns but is able to finally name Duryodhana as his heir. In this episode of Mahabharata.. Bhima kept insluting Dhritrashtra. Dhritarashtra (Sanskrit: धृतराष्ट्र, Dhṛtarāṣṭra) or Dhatarattha (Pali: धतरट्ठ Dhataraṭṭha) is one of the Four Heavenly Kings and an important person in Buddhism. He is famed for being one of the pivotal negative characters of the Hindu epic, the Mahabharata – a villain, who is believed to have veritably changed the landscape of the epic. However, thanks to a power granted to Kunti, he was able to have five children born of the gods. He was blind in his love for his son: He couldn’t see the evil nature of his son which was gradually growing. At the birth of his first son Duryodhana, Dhritarashtra was advised by Vidura and Bhishma to abandon the child due to bad omens surrounding the child but his love for him stopped him. Satyavati invites her son Vyasa to impregnate the queens Ambika and Ambalika under the Niyoga practice. Dhritarashtra was half-brother of Pandu and Vidura, and was uncle to the five Pandavas, with whom his sons fought the Kurukshetra War. Pandavas were not to be part of the swayamvara, as they were supposedly killed… On Bheeshma's advise, Dhritarashtra splits the country in two, giving Hastinapur to Duryodhana and Khandavprastha to Yudhishthira.. But they refused to do so; Duryodhana grows up with a princely education and his parents thought that he will be a great heir. Since Pandu had been cursed with celibacy-or-death, no one thought he would have any children. This time, he, his brothers and his wife were forced to spend thirteen years in exile in the forest before they could reclaim their kingdom. An Ominous Birth. Dhritarashtra was a very evil king in my previous birth. In entire Mahabharata, Dhritarashtra proved that his blindness was not limited up to his physique. Thus, Bhima was saved by Krishna. This article is about the figure in the Hindu epic Mahābhārata. Dhṛtarāṣṭra means "He who supports/bears the nation", A historical Kuru King named Dhritarashtra Vichitravirya is mentioned in the Kathaka Samhita of the Yajurveda (c. 1200–900 BCE) as a descendant of the Rigvedic-era King Sudas of the Bharatas. "a good king") is the King of Hastinapur at the time of the Kurukshetra War, the epic's climactic event. : n.p., n.d. When the Pandavas are revealed to have survived, Duryodhana refuses to cede his title as heir when the obviously sour relations between the Kauravas and the Pandavas come to focus. But that was not to be and the rest as they say is history or rather Mahabharata. When it came time to nominate an heir, Vidura suggested that Pandu would be a better fit because he was not blind. Other articles where Dhritarashtra is discussed: Mahabharata: …cousins, the Kauravas (sons of Dhritarashtra, the descendant of Kuru) and the Pandavas (sons of Pandu). Pandu was put forward as the obvious choice as king. The evil quartet (Duryodhana, Shakuni, Karna, Dushasana) formulated another evil plot. Consequently, Yudhishthira did the Rajasuya Yagna, claiming emperorship of India. Dhritarashtra was born blind. He purposely kept the better half of the kingdom for himself so that his son may one day rule his half of the kingdom. Print, "Early Sanskritization: Origin and Development of the Kuru state", Yuyutsu was one of the 11 who managed to survive the war, Dhritarashtra, Gandhari and Kunti proceed to forest, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dhritarashtra&oldid=992432732, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 06:47. Famously, Gandhari bound her own eyes with a cloth, determined to see the world as her husband saw it, with darkness. There is the implication that Dhritarashtra was hoping to have a child before his brother had a child. The Pandavas eventually lost their kingdom, wealth, and prestige and were exiled for thirteen years. Through the blessings of Vyasa, he and Gandhari have one hundred sons and a daughter, with his oldest son, Duryodhana, becoming his heir. As far as I can tell, stories of Shakuni being motivated by revenge are just folklore with no basis in Hindu scripture. Rather he was probably filled with some of the natural human vices, like Revenge and Immoral partiality . They ran the plan past Dhritarashtra, who was reluctant. The Gita's dialogue between Arjuna and Krishna is recounted as narrated to Dhṛtarāṣṭra by Sanjaya. , Dhritarashtra was furious with Bhima for mercilessly slaying all his sons, especially Duryodhana. Vidura, an adviser to Dhritarashtra, said it was an evil omen and asked Gandhari and Dhritarashtra to abandon it. While there was a handful of Kauravas who were aware of the evil brewing on their side; in the name of dharma, friendships, and favours, they didn’t act on their inner calling. He fathered one hundred sons and one daughter, Dushala, by his wife, Gandhari and a son, Yuyutsu, by Sughada, his wife's maid. After Vichitravirya's death, his mother Satyavati sent for her first born, Ved Vyas. He offered the blind king complete respect and deference as an elder, despite his misdeeds and the evil of his dead sons. , Dhritarashtra, along with his younger half-brother Pandu is trained in the military arts by Bhishma and Kripacharya. Bhishma arranged Dhristarashtra's marriage to Gandhari. Besides, I don't see him as a pure evil. It is believed that all of them (except Vidura who predeceased him) perished in a forest fire and attained Moksha. All of his sons perished in the war, with the exception of Yuyutsu, his son with Gandhari's lady-in-waiting Sughada, who fought on the Pandava side. Shakuni, Gandhari's brother, was a master of dice as he could control them. He rejoiced whenever the tide of war turned against the Pandavas. Dharma wins when good triumphs over evil. Given that Pandu was the king and that Yudhishthira is born of the god Dharma, he has a strong claim to the throne. Explain the story of the births of Dhritarashtra and Pandu. The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa Translated into English Prose by Kisari Mohan Ganguli. He also realised that Dhritarashtra always supported his sons in their attempts to kill the Pandavas.Akrura indirectly advised Dhritarashtra to keep away from his evil plans and to give the Pandavas the throne, as it was rightfully theirs. Dhritarashtra is physically strong yet mentally weak, who is easily manipulated by his brother in law, Shakuni. Dhritarashtra was warned by many that the Pandavas would not forget their humiliation. After Pandu's death, he became king of Hastinapura. Name: Dhritarashtra Pronunciation: Coming soon Alternative names: Gender: Male Type: legendary mortal Celebration or Feast Day: Unknown at present. Thus Dhritarashtra essentially presided over the fall of … The war had killed many great warriors and soldiers on each side. They died in a forest fire in the Himalayas. Since Yudhishthira was born first, naturally, he would become the king. Name. Dhritarashtra was one of the many men present when Yudhisthira lost the dice game against Shakuni, Duryodhana, Dushasana and Karna. This is the incident from Mahabharata just after the Draupadi swayamvara. But with the help of Krishna and their respective "Pitru Devas", the Pandavas remade the land, topping the reconstruction with a beautiful city, renaming the city Indraprastha. Dhritarashtra's only daughter Duhsala was widowed. Throughout his reign as King of Hastinapur, Dhritarashtra was torn between the principles of dharma and his love for his son Duryodhana, and often ended up endorsing his son's actions merely out of fatherly love. At the end of the great battle, Dhritarashtra was overcome with grief and rage at the loss of his hundred sons. Against his will, he named Yudhisthira as his heir which left Duryodhana frustrated.  Dhritarashtra marries Gandhari of Hastinapur's weakened and lowly vassal Gandhar; Gandhari covers her eyes with cloth in order to better understand her husband's blindness. After the Mahabharata war was over, Dhritarastra upset over death of his hundred sons, asked Krishna the reason for his blindness despite the fact that he was a kind and just king. The first stanza of the Bhagavad Gita is a question from Dhritarashtra to Sanjaya asking him to recount the Kurukshetra war. Dhritarashtra then became the king of Hastinapur. The Good Side of the Villain of Mahabharata Duryodhana is always portrayed by story-tellers as the ultimate embodiment of all conceivable evil. However, not willing to see his kin slaughtered, Dhritarashtra asked that the boon be given to Sanjaya his charioteer. At last, the blind monarch's conscience was stirred, in part fearing the wrath of the Pandavas, Panchal, and Draupadi against his sons. He was born the son of Vichitravirya's first wife Ambika, and was fathered by Veda Vyasa. Dhṛtarāṣṭra appears in two subsections of the Mahābhārata which are often treated as stand-alone texts, and were both commented upon by Adi Shankara. The name is written Dhṛtarāṣṭra in IAST transliteration. For the figure in Buddhist mythology, see, The blind king Dhritarashtra listens as the visionary narrator Sanjay relates the events of the battle between the Kaurav and the Pandav clans, "Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide", by Roshen Dalal, p. 230, publisher = Penguin Books India. He was born to Vichitravirya's first wife Ambika. He was a blind king. We are talking about the character named Dhritarashtra - whether he's a strong character or not. Although Dhritarashtra’s message is cloaked in the veil of righteousness, it actually amounts to handing the world to oppressors on a platter, giving them a free reign to do what they like. Vidura, an adviser to Dhritarashtra, said it was an evil omen and asked Gandhari and Dhritarashtra to abandon it. Dhritarashtra, the blind king Dhritarashtra, the blind king of Hastinapur was also blind in for the love of his son Duryodhana. Upon Duryodhana's birth, ill omens appeared; many sages and consultants advised Dhritarashtra and Gandhari to abandon the baby. He ordered to remove the swan bird's eyes and kill all the hundred cygnets just for his passing fancy. Dhritarashtra of Hastinapura, son born to Vichitravirya's first wife Ambika. When Satyavati asked for a demonstration, Dhritarashtra was able to defeat 10 soldiers at the same time. , Dhritarashtra was confident that Bhishma, Drona, Karna and other invincible warriors would make the Kaurava camp victorious. Commitment to dharma was stronger His cattle was reportedly destroyed as a result of the conflict with the vratya ascetics; however, this Vedic mention does not provide corroboration for the accuracy of the Mahabharata's account of his reign. Hence, Dhritarashtra became the de facto king. Dhritarashtra is the king of the Kurus. The king himself wanted his son to be his heir but he was also forced to consider the eldest Pandava, Yudhisthira, who was older than Duryodhana. In the Mahabharata, Dhritarashtra (Sanskrit: धृतराष्ट्र, dhṛtarāshtra; lit. When time came for a crown prince to be chosen, no one wanted to address the elephant in the room of a blind person leading the military. Dhritarashtra of Nagavansha, 2. He was blind by his mind too. Hence her son, Dhritarashtra was born blind. Vidura advised against the plan, but as usual, Dhritarashtra couldn’t say no to his son. Dhritarashtra. After being cursed by Rishi Kindama to what would basically be a life of celibacy (or death), Pandu abdicated the throne, leaving for the forest with his wives Kunti and Madri. Attempting to defuse the tension, which Dhritarashtra and the others could no longer minimize, Bhishma suggested the partition of Hastinapur. Yudhisthira was crowned king of both Indraprastha and Hastinapura. He received acknowledgements from Panchal, Dwarka and Madra by marriage and diplomacy, and from kingdoms like Magadha & Chedi through military force. Dhritarashtra (धृतराष्ट्र) is name of two characters mentioned in Mahabharata. So, Pandu assumed the throne, and undertook a military campaign where he subjugated large parts of India. He also had a son named Yuyutsu with a concubine. A subtle transformation seems to come over Dhritarashtra. Pandu became king, for Dhritarashtra, owing to the blindness, and Vidura, for his birth by a Sudra woman, did not obtain the kingdom. One day he saw that a swan is walking comfortably with his children. After many years as the ruler of Hastinapura, Dhristarashtra along with Gandhari, Kunti and Vidura left for their final journey into the forest. Sanjaya then recounted the mistakes of Dhritarashtra and advised him to keep on a tight leash the evil Duryodhana and his accomplices. Hence her son, Dhritarashtra, was born blind. My overweening love for Duryodhana turned my mind to evil. Shakuni, also lesser-known as Saubala, was the prince of the Gandhara Kingdom, which is the present-day Kandahar in Afghanistan. At the time of the foundation of the war, the king of Hastinapur was Dhritarashtra. Her father, King Subala of Ghandar, was reluctant to pair his daughter to a blind man. For the figure in Buddhist mythology, see. He was constantly asked to remember that his responsibilities as a king must be placed before his affection as a father. Still, the old woman tried to burn you. N.p. According to his mother's wishes, he visited both the wives of Vichitravirya to grant them a son When Vyasa visited Ambika, she saw his dreadful and forbidding appearance with burning eyes. "As for poor Dhritarashtra, … They decided to play a gambling game, in which the master gambler Shakuni would seize the Pandavas’ wealth. A smile of relief spreads on his face and they see that, now, this smile springs from his heart. Sanjaya, Dhritarashtra's charioteer, who was blessed by Sage Vyasa with the ability to see the past, narrated important events of the Kurukshetra war, a war fought between the Kauravas (the sons of Dhritarashtra) and the Pandavas, to the blind king. Good/Evil Rating: NOT OKAY, be careful Popularity index: 470 Akrura returned to Krishna and Balarama in Gokul. He frequently bemoaned his ineffectiveness in preventing Duryodhana from going to war. Role: Unknown at present. Mahabharat All Episodes. Is this human or is this a beast?” ... there was something evil and ominous about it. Human beings are bound by dharma which is the backbone of worldly living where the conflict between evil and good prevails. Dhritarashtra (Sanskrit: धृतराष्ट्र) was a Kuru king who featured heavily in the Hindu epic Mahabharata as the King of the Kuru Kingdom with its capital at Hastinapur. Is this dead or alive? His brother Pandu, ruled the kingdom for him due to his blindness.  He and Gandhari had one hundred sons, called the Kauravas and one daughter Dushala. Dhritarashtra was an epitome of secularism, blind by birth to all the groups and especially towards the evil acts his non-minority beneficiaries do. What has happened so far: After the war, the Pandavas returned to Hastinapur, where they met Dhritarashtra and Gandhari, who made last attempts to kill Yudhishthira and Bhima, but they failed.The Pandavas take them into custody at the palace. Knowing in his heart that Vidura had a point, and under pressure from everyone, Dhritarashtra gave Pandu his blessing to be king. Hindered by his handicap, Dhritarashtra is unable to wield weapons, but has the strength of one hundred thousand elephants due to boon given by Vyasa, and is said to be so strong that he can crush iron with his bare hands.. With changing times, however, writers, historians and students of mythology alike have challenged the pre-existing notions and beliefs. Nāgapūra: Ākāṅkshā Prakāśana, 2007. Sanatsujata has been invoked through meditation by Vidura, Dhṛtarāṣṭra's half-brother and counselor. In this event, Duryodhana and all kauravas brother participated. Calumny and evil report shall ever dog her.” Hearing these words of her husband Pradweshi became very angry, and commanded her sons, saying, ... Vidura was the first; that among cities Hastinapura was the first. But all that is past. Ganguli, Kisari Mohan. 1. However, he recognized Dhritarashtra pedigree, and Gandhar's status as Hastinapur's vassal, and consented to the match. A good counselor, he made Dhritarashtra aware of Shakuni’s evil schemes and Kauravas’ misdeeds. On one end he is being a good king whose only flaw is his blind love for his son, while the other end him being a cruel and adharmic king who, while saying that he only supports Duryodhana because he is too weak to reject him, actually desires for his line to have power at the expense of the Pandavas. Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites, This article is about the figure in the Hindu epic Mahābhārata. No! - When Vyasa visited Ambika, she closed her eyes because of his dreadful appearance, and as a result, her son Dhritarashtra …  Dhritarashtra appears in Mahābhārata sections that have been circulated as separate scriptures, most notably the Bhagavad Gita, whose dialogue was narrated to him. However Dhritarashtra's filial love stopped him. However, Duryodhana, enraged at his father, threatened to commit suicide if his father did not force the Pandavas to play another game. During Gandhari's pregnancy complications, Dhritarashtra, fearing that he will never have an heir, had a son Yuyutsu, born to Sughada; Gandhari's lady-in-waiting. Upon much pressure from the Brahmin council, Vidura, and Bhishma, Dhritarashtra reluctantly names Yudhishthira as his heir. When Dhritarashtra thought that the man whom he is embracing was Bhima, who had killed several of his hundred sons including his loved Dhuryodhana, his anger rose to such a pitch that the metal statue was crushed into powder. Yuyutsu had defected to Pandava side at the onset of war and was the only son of Dhritrashtra who had managed to survive Kurukshetra War. Thus Dhritarashtra essentially presided over the fall of Hastinapur's kingdom. Therefore, in this birth he was born blind and all his sons were killed in the war. Delhi: for All, 1992. Dhritarashtra was a rightful heir to throne and he was denied the opportunity because of his blindness.This also means that Gandhari was denied the opportunity to be the queen.It was natural for them to expect an able,strong son who also has the right to throne through some interpretations of Dharma to fight and claim the throne. Finally, when Draupadi was about to curse the Kuru line, Gandhari stepped in and implored her husband to pacify Draupadi. He instructed Bhima in sign language to move aside and push an iron figure of Bhima into Dhritarashtra's embrace. Pandu protested, not wanting to disrespect his older brother's bloodright to the crown. It was Vidura, in training to become the next prime minister, who brought up this issue to the relief of Hastinapur's council of Brahmins. When Dhritarashtra turned to Bhima, Lord Krishna sensed the danger and asked Bhima to move Duryodhana's iron statue of Bhima (used by the prince for training) in his place. When it was Bhima's turn, Krishna knew that the king was blind and possessed the strength of a hundred thousand elephants from the boon granted by Vyasa. Dhṛtarāṣṭra is also a central figure in the Sanatsujatiya, in which he asks many questions to Sanatsujata, a divine sage. , Throughout his reign as King of Hastinapur, Dhritarashtra was torn between the principles of dharma and his love for his son Duryodhana, and often ended up endorsing his son's actions merely out of fatherly love.. Dhritarashtra's sorrow increased with every passing day as an ever increasing number of his sons were slain by Bhima. Sanjaya would console the blind king while challenging the king with his own viewpoints and morals. Dhritarashtra crushed the statue into pieces, and then broke down crying, his anger leaving him. Dhritarashtra and Gandhari went into a depression. Web. But Dhritarashtra refused to change himself. The Pandavas go to embrace their uncle and give their respects. But that was not to be and the rest as they say is history or rather Mahabharata. Either way, we have read and been conditioned to judge historical, mythical figures based on the idea of good and evil. He along with his nephew Duryodhana conspired in a game of dice and invited the Pandavas to gamble. , After the great war of Mahabharata, the grief-stricken blind king along with his wife Gandhari, sister-in-law Kunti, and half brother Vidura left Hastinapur for penance. These children, including the eldest son Duryodhana, came to be known as the Kauravas. The poem is made up of almost 100,000 couplets—about seven times the length of the Iliad and the Odyssey combined—divided into 18 parvans, or sections, plus a supplement titled Harivamsha (“Genealogy of the God… Blind since birth, he serves as the king of Hastinapura, but is not the rightful ruler. A true follower of dharma and a man of principle, Sanjay acted as an ambassador between the Pandavas and the Kauravas during the unsuccessful peace negotiations. - After the death of Vichitravirya, Satyavati told Sage Vyasa, her first born son, to grant each of the queens a son. Then, Duryodhana planned to burn Pandavas and Kunti alive while they were on a Festival at "Varnavathi". ... Duryodhana, the eldest of Kauravas was born to Gandhari and Dhritarashtra. Dhr̥tarāshṭra. Though bitter at the result, Dhritarashtra willingly conceded the crown, though this act would flower into the protectiveness he would have over his crown later in life. In her frightened state, she closed her eyes and dared not open them. An excerpt from Illustrated Bhagavatam Stories, Chapter 4 According to his karma, after death he was destined to suffer in hell for causing the Kurukshetra war. This blind king of Hastinapura was father to a hundred children by his … With each throw, Yudhisthira lost everything, gambling away his kingdom, his wealth, his brothers, and finally, his wife. Versions of the story generally portray Dhritarashtra across a spectrum. He appears in the opening chapter of the Bhagavad Gītā, which takes place immediately before the start of the Kurukshetra War. Dhritarashtra was half-brother of Pandu and Vidura, and was uncle to the five Pandavas, with whom his sons fought the Kurukshetra War. With trade also prosperous and the people elated, Indraprastha was the jewel of Bharat. In reality, there is nothing righteous about giving up society to the forces of evil, or in allowing others to trample over your rights and dignity. After Krishna's peace mission failed and the war seemed inevitable, Vyasa approached Dhritarashtra and offered to grant him divine vision, so that Dhritarashtra could see the war. Kalyāṇakara, Bā Ha. However, when Pandu dies, Kunti and her sons come to Hastinapur, living alongside Dhritarashtra's children.  He fathered one hundred sons and one daughter, Dushala, by his wife, Gandhari and a son, Yuyutsu, by Sughada, his wife's maid. When the blind king met the Pandavas who had come to seek his blessing prior to ascending the throne, he embraced all of them. He granted Drauapdi boons through which they regained all that they had lost in the dice game. Throughout his reign as King of Hastinapur, Dhritarashtra was torn between the principles of dharma and his love for his son Duryodhana, and often ended up endorsing his son's actions merely out of fatherly love. It's not that he always drove Duryodhana to wrong direction. Draupadi, the wife of the Pandavas, was humiliated in court after Dushasana tried to disrobe her. Yudhisthira once again showed his kindness when he decided that the king of the city of Hastinapura should be Dhristarashtra. He says, “Krishna, everything you say is true. Sanjaya often consoled the bereaved king but reminded him every time that dharma was on the Pandava side and a war against Krishna could not be humanly won regardless of the strength of the opposing force. Dhritarashtra Facts and Figures. Broken and defeated, Dhritarashtra apologized for his folly and wholeheartedly embraced Bhima and the other Pandavas. Yuyutsu, however, was a little different. The helpless blind king only intervened after counseling with Gandhari when Draupadi was going to curse the Kuru dynasty. Dhritarashtra (Sanskrit: धृतराष्ट्र) was a Kuru king who featured heavily in the Hindu epic Mahabharata as the King of the Kuru Kingdom with its capital at Hastinapur.He was born to Vichitravirya's first wife Ambika.Dhritarashtra was born blind. Dhritarashtra in his earlier reincarnation was a tyrant king, who one day while walking on the lake side saw a swan bird surrounded by hundred cygnets. However, Duryodhana conspired to arrest him that resulted in failure of the mission. So, when the Pandavas returned Hastinapur, there was the real crisis of succession. A succession crisis begins; though recognizing Yudhishthira's merits, Dhritarashtra favours his own son, blind to his faults. Yudhishthira, Pandu's eldest son, is older than Duryodhana. The name Dhṛtarāṣṭra comes from two Sanskrit words: "dhṛta" (possessing; bearing) and "rāṣṭra" (kingdom; territory). When Lord Krishna displayed his Vishvarupa (Universal Form) to Arjuna on the battlefield of Kurukshetra, Dhritarashtra regretted not possessing the divine sight. Gandhari, his wife, sacrificed her eyesight, as he was blind, by blindfolding herself; hence, she could not see. These children, including the eldest son Duryodhana, came to be known as the Kauravas. After the incident with Rishi Kindama Pandu retired to the forest. We are not comparing the actors or who acted better or who is more handsome. Dhritarashtra was advised by his elders to be fair to the Pandavas, who were returning from the forest with their mother, Kunti after the deaths of Pandu and Madri. He and his brother Pandu (the son of Vichitravirya's second wife Ambalika), along with their half-brother Vidura, learned and studied under Bhishma and various gurus. At the birth of his first son Duryodhana, Dhritarashtra was advised by Vidura, Bhishma, and the city elders to abandon the child due to bad omens during the birth. For this reason, the next birth I was born blind and his son received death in the same way as if that swan. Agreeing with the proposal, Dhritarashtra gave Yudhisthira half the Kuru Kingdom, albeit the lands which were arid, untilled and scantily populated, known as Khandavaprastha. In some versions, Yuyutsu was older than Duryodhana, in others, they were the exact age, and in even others, Yuyutsu was unspecifically younger than Duryodhana. Shakuni challenged Yudhisthira one more time, and Yudhisthira once more lost (in some versions, Dhritarashtra ordered Yudhishthira to play; Yudhishthira must obey his elder father's command). Along with some other incidents, Duryodhana's jealousy and anger were stirred, and he conspired with his uncle Shakuni to destroy the five Pandava brothers. Suri, Chander Kanta. Dhritarashtra is also portrayed as a hypocrite who says that he wants his nephews to win, but at heart, wants his children to win. Even though Yudhishthira tried to stop him, he would say – “We fought the battle, and still Dhritarashtra tried to crush me. 3. While there was a handful of Kauravas who were aware of the evil brewing on their side; in the name of dharma, friendships, and favours, they didn’t act on their inner calling. Dhritarashtra was half-brother of Pandu and Vidura, and was uncle to the five Pandavas, with whom his sons fought the Kurukshetra War. 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