Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. He made his fourth diplomatic marriage, this time to Lanassa, ex-wife of Pyrrhus, and so gained Corcyra (Corfu). Demetrius I Poliorcetes portrayed on a tetradrachmcoin In 302 BC he returned a second time to Greece as liberator, and reinstated the Corinthian League. After the blockade, the entrepreneurial Rhodians sold Demetrius’ siege equipment and used the proceeds to build a massive 32-metre high bronze statue of their patron god Helios - the Colossus of Rhodes and one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It is also noticeable that Demetrius allowed the restoration of the Athenian democracy and left no garrison at Athens and nor did he in other liberated cities such as Megara. Kingdom of Macedon. Mark is a history writer based in Italy. He was, according to Plutarch, buried at the city he had founded and which bore his name, Demetrias in Thessaly. Demetrius I Poliorcetes, (born 336 bc, Macedonia—died 283, Cilicia [now in Turkey]), king of Macedonia from 294 to 288 bc. Things did not improve for the young commander in the following year when his campaign in Babylonia against Seleucus also ended in failure. `Osawatomie' Brown's 66-Great Grandfather. AR drachm (17mm, 3.90 gm, 12h). Marble portrait bust of Demetrius I of Macedon, also called Poliorcetes, "The Besieger" (336-283 BCE), Roman copy from the 1st century CE of a Greek original from the 3rd century BCE (Naples National Archaeological Museum). 016: To the Strongest - The 3rd War of the Diadochi & the Babylonian War - Duration: 29:55. Demetrius acquired his surname of Soter, or Savior, from the Babylonians, whom he delivered from the tyranny of the Median satrap, Timarchus. Ancient History Encyclopedia. HRE Ferdinand I's 56-Great Grandfather. After successes in central Greece and Cyprus, he gained his lasting reputation as a master planner and  ‘Besieger of Cities’ following his one-year siege of Rhodes. Demetrius I Poliorcetes, (born 336 bc, Macedonia—died 283, Cilicia [now in Turkey]), king of Macedonia from 294 to 288 bc. Consolidating his control over central Greece Demetrius went back to his old hobby of besieging cities and twice blockaded Thebes. The kingdom was founded and initially ruled by the royal Argead dynasty , which was followed by the Antipatrid and Antigonid dynasties. Demetrius first came to prominence in c. 317 BCE when he commanded his father’s cavalry units at the battles of Paraetacene and Gabiene in Persia. Omissions? Argaeus I Of Macedon Wikiwand. The Antigonids were treated as liberating heroes by the Athenians and given all manner of honours, including their own cults. Demetrius gained distinction as a boy by defeating and dethroning Alexander of Epirus, thus saving Macedonia (c. 263). (371). King of Macedonia from 306 to 286 (with interruptions). In 303 BCE the city of Sicyon in the Peloponnese surrendered on the mere sight of Demetrius’ formidable siege engines, and in 302 BCE the League of Corinth was resurrected which would prove useful one year later. Demetrius I (337 -283 BC ), surnamed Poliorcetes ("Besieger"), son of Antigonus Cyclops and Stratonice was a king of Macedon (294 -288 BC ) . When Alexander the Great died in 323 BCE, he left behind an empire... Lysimachus (c. 361-281 BCE) was one of Alexander the Great’s... Macedon was an ancient kingdom located in the north of the Greek... Demetrius I commands his father's cavalry units at the battles of Paraetacene and Gabiene in, Demetrius I marries Stratonice, daughter of Seleucus I and in return Demetrius is given, When his army deserts him Demetrius I flees, Demetrius I surrenders to Seleucus I and lives as a prsioner for three years until his, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. But his licentiousness and extravagance made the Athenians long for the government of Cassander. Born: 274 BC Died: 229 BC. Miletos mint. Demetrius’ fortunes further improved in 307 BCE when he successfully led a campaign in Greece to free Athens from Demetrius of Phaleron. Demetrius II Aetolicus (King) of MACEDONIA. Ptolemy offered a peace deal in 287 BCE, and Demetrius set his sights on Asia Minor and Seleucus. Among his outrages was his courtship of a young boy named Democles the Handsome. Among his outrages was his courtship of a young boy named Democles the Handsome. Price-2148 corr. Demetrius I of Macedon, also known as Demetrios Poliorcetes, the 'Besieger' (c. 336 - c. 282 BCE), was a Macedonian king who, along with his father Antigonus I, fought for control of Alexander the Great ’s empire in the 'Successor Wars'. Poss. "Demetrius I of Macedon." Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Demetrius_I_of_Macedon/. Demetrius I of Macedon Label from public data source Wikidata; Demetrius I, Poliorcetes, King of Macedonia, 336 B.C.-283 B.C. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. https://www.ancient.eu/Demetrius_I_of_Macedon/. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. The son of Antigonus I, he proved himself a very able commander in … Books Alexander III the Great (336-323 BC). Demetrius I of Macedon. However, the first time he took sole command of an army did not go well, he lost in a battle against Ptolemy I and Seleucus I Nikator in Gaza in 312 BCE. However, with his army devastated by plague and famine, he was forced to surrender once again in 285 BCE. Demetrius I of Macedon, also known as Demetrios Poliorcetes, the ‘Besieger’ (c. 336 - c. 282 BCE), was a Macedonian king who, along with his father Antigonus I, fought for control of Alexander the Great ’s empire in the ‘Successor Wars’. Then, growing ever more ambitious, Demetrius sought to reclaim the Asian territories his father had once controlled. Demetrius in the end of his reign defended his domain from the tribal peoples of the north. Demetrius, still in control of such important cities as Cyprus, Corinth, and Ephesos, was offered a way back into the chaotic political theatre of the Successor Wars when his daughter Stratonice married Seleucus and in return Demetrius was given Cilicia c. 299 BCE. Earlier Established Forms Recalled by his father from Greece, he fought in the Battle of Ipsus, in which his father was killed and lost much of his empire (301). We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Updates? Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Written by Mark Cartwright, published on 23 March 2016 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Demetrius was an inventive siege-master, his most famous weapon being the helepolis or ‘city-taker’, a 40-metre high siege tower with nine levels and which was wheeled, armoured, and could carry multiple artillery weapons (ballistae). Demetrius I (/dɪˈmiːtriəs/; Ancient Greek: Δημήτριος; 337–283 BC), called Poliorcetes (/ˌpɒliɔːrˈsiːtiːz/; Greek: Πολιορκητής, "The Besieger"), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a Macedonian nobleman, military leader, and finally king of Macedon (294–288 BC). They are considered the most important person in history born with the first name of Demetrius. When Antigonus was exiled in 322 BCE Demetrius accompanied his father and found refuge with the Macedonian general Antipater. He married Phila, daughter of Antipater, who would, later on, become a useful Macedonian connection. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Agnes Harris's 52-Great Grandfather. Demetrius himself was severely wounded & died shortly thereafter, leaving a crumbling kingdom to his nine year old … For in 301 BCE the Antigonids were defeated at the Battle of Ipsus in central Phrygia by Lysimachus and Seleucus I. Demetrius Poliorcetes - son of Antigonus Cyclops and king of Macedonia; he and his father were defeated at the battle of Ipsus (337-283 BC) Cite This Work Demetrius Poliorcetes synonyms, Demetrius Poliorcetes pronunciation, Demetrius Poliorcetes translation, English dictionary definition of Demetrius Poliorcetes. In 306/305 BCE campaigns did not go so well in Egypt and then, at Rhodes in 305 - 304 BCE Demetrius gained his title of ‘Besieger of Cities’ when he blockaded the island for a year. He belonged to the Antigonid dynasty . Together they had two children Stratonice and Antigonus II Gonatas. Demetrius I (Demetrius Poliorcetes) dĭmē´trēəs pŏl˝ēôrsē´tēz [ key], c.337–283 BC, king of Macedon. Synonyms for Demetrius I of Macedon in Free Thesaurus. The ‘Besieger’, then, was a victim of his times, an age when rulers without lands or rulers with lands but no particular ancestral ties to them, squabbled for the pieces of Alexander’s broken empire. From his unsuccessful siege of Rhodes (305) he won the title Poliorcetes (“the Besieger”). Demetrius I (Greek: Δημήτριος, 337-283 BC), called Poliorcetes (Greek: Πολιορκητής - "The Besieger"), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a king of Macedon (294–288 BC). Demetrius I (/dɪˈmiːtriəs/; Ancient Greek: Δημήτριος ; 337–283 BC), called Poliorcetes (/ˌpɒliɔːrˈsiːtiːz/; Greek: Πολιορκητής , The Besieger), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a Macedonian nobleman, military leader, and finally king of Macedon (294–288 BC). Demetrius campaigned in Greece again c. 295 BCE when he removed the tyrant Lachares from Athens and defeated Sparta. The grail was his: Demetrius was king of Macedon. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. Once again Demetrius was magnanimous in victory for he "not only buried the enemy’s dead with full honours but he also set his prisoners free (Plutarch, 348)". Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …support of his brilliant son Demetrius (336–283), known as Poliorcetes, or Besieger, who ousted the other Demetrius and restored the democracy and eventually the League of Corinth; he was hymned with divine honours and given the Parthenon as his palace. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Noun 1. Demetrius I of Macedon is the most famous person named Demetrius. However, in 288 BCE, when his army realised that Lysimachus, Ptolemy, Seleucus and Pyrrhus were all marching on Macedon, they refused to take the field and Demetrius was forced to flee south. Noun 1. But his licentiousness and extravagance made the Athenians long for the government of Cassander. But the battle-weary Macedonian army suffered a disastrous defeat. Among his outrages was his courtship of a young boy named Democles the Handsome. Ex. The Hellenistic Age History Podcast 17 views Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Silver Tetradrachm of Demetrius I of Macedonby Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA). What are synonyms for Demetrius I of Macedon? Demetrius married three times, though the chronology of these marriages is a matter of dispute. Immediately after the murder of Alexander V, the nobles present—members of Alexander’s court, now surrounded by Demetrius’s forces—agreed to his kingship, and he was duly acclaimed by the assembled army. to take refuge with Seleucus, who held him until he died. Demetrius gained his title of ‘Besieger of Cities’ when he blockaded Rhodes for a year. (monogram); Newell-49; ADM I Series XIII. Demetrius I of Macedon, also known as Demetrios Poliorcetes, the 'Besieger' (c. 336 - c. 282 BCE), was a Macedonian king who, along with his father Antigonus I, fought for control of Alexander the Great ’s empire in the 'Successor Wars'. He is the subject of one of Plutarch’s Lives biographies. NGC Choice AU Strike 5/5, Surface 4/5, Fine Style. Demetrius I of Macedon (337-283 BC) fought and was victorious at the Battle of Salamis, where he defeated another Diadochi of Alexander the Great, Ptolemy I of Egypt, as a reult, he destroyed the Egyptian navy. Ultimately, the campaign was another disappointment and the siege ended in a negotiated truce. The huge battle was said to have involved 150,000 men and 475 elephants. He, thus, describes, like an actor, Demetrius’ taste in dress: ...there was something intensely theatrical about Demetrius. Demetrius I Poliorcetes portrayed on a tetradrachm coin In 302 BC he returned a second time to Greece as liberator, and reinstated the Corinthian League. Their Zodiac sign is ♑ Capricorn. Demetrius I is infamous in Jewish history for his victory over the Maccabees, killing Judas Maccabaeus in Nisan, 160 BC. Demetrius I Poliorcetes (literally, “the besieger of the city”). Demetrius was the son of Alexander the Great’s general Antigonus I Monophthalmus, in whose campaigns he commanded with distinction and whose empire, based in Asia, he attempted to rebuild. 2 synonyms for Demetrius Poliorcetes: Demetrius, Demetrius I. Unfortunately, the statue was toppled by an earthquake in 228 or 226 BCE. Antigonus was killed and Demetrius retreated to the Isthmus of Corinth. Marriage and family. Last modified March 23, 2016. Cartwright, Mark. Argaeus i of macedon wikiwand macedonia (ancient kingdom) philip v demetrius alexander iv Rhodes, a strategically important island throughout antiquity, was a particularly prosperous trade centre in Hellenistic times and an ally of Ptolemy. Demetrius I (/dɪˈmiːtriəs/; Greek: Δημήτριος; 337–283 BC), called Poliorcetes (/ˌpɒli.ɔːrˈsiːtiːz/; Greek: Πολιορκητής, "The Besieger"), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a Macedonian Greek nobleman, military leader, and finally king of Macedon (294–288 BC). A battle with the Dardanians turned out disastrously, and he died shortly afterwards, leaving Philip, his son by Chryseis, still a child. invaded Macedon he was forced (285 B.C.) ; died circa 283 B.C. Demetrius, leading the cavalry and after an initial success, may have charged too deep into the enemy and exposed his father’s flank to an attack from Seleucus’ elephants. On Demetrius’ character Plutarch, comparing him with Rome’s Mark Antony, said, Both men were redoubtable womanizers, drinkers and fighters, both were open-handed, extravagant and arrogant, and these resemblances were reflected in the similarity of their fortunes. Perhaps with his resources never quite matching his ambition, Demetrius did not live up to his early promise and died without an army or an empire. The tower also had a beam fitted to its front which was decorated with a ram’s head and used to punch holes in fortification walls. Demetrius I, Poliorcetes, King of Macedonia, 336-283 B.C. Siege towers were not new but Demetrius’ was the largest so far seen and was so massive it reportedly took 3,400 men to mobilise it. Demetrius I of Macedonby Carole Raddato (CC BY-SA). Demetrius did make some amends with successes in the region in 311/310 BCE. Demetrius, also in 306, crushed Ptolemy in a naval battle…. Corrections? Plutarch continues and compares Demetrius unfavourably with Alexander the Great, suggesting the latter was a true ruler while the former was a mere actor. In yet another marriage of convenience, he was faced by an in! A massive fleet of 500 ships theatrical about Demetrius his reign defended his domain from the tribal of! In dress:... there was something intensely theatrical about Demetrius ) Newell-49! Https: //www.ancient.eu/Demetrius_I_of_Macedon/ grail was his courtship of a young boy named Democles the Handsome 305 ) won! Initially ruled by the Athenians long for the government of Cassander 5/5 Surface! Year when his campaign in Greece again c. 295 BCE when he Rhodes... Under demetrius i of macedon Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common in.... Poliorcetes pronunciation, Demetrius Poliorcetes ) dĭmē´trēəs pŏl˝ēôrsē´tēz [ key ], c.337–283,. In Greece to free Athens from Demetrius of Phaleron was, according to Plutarch, buried at city... Requires login ) treaty with Ptolemy general Antipater a campaign in Greece to free Athens from Demetrius of.. In central Phrygia by Lysimachus and Seleucus I Nicator in Cilicia ( 285 ) and died there ( 283.! Throughout antiquity, was a member of the north considered the most famous person named Demetrius invaded Macedon he forced... Military History Encyclopedia on the Web - Biography of Demetrius I, Poliorcetes, king of,... A peace deal in 287 BCE, and Demetrius set his sights on Asia Minor Seleucus! Boy by defeating and dethroning Alexander of Epirus, thus, describes, like an actor, Demetrius Poliorcetes,... Athens from Demetrius of Phaleron a young boy named Democles the Handsome Greece again c. 295 BCE he! Ultimately, the campaign was another disappointment and the siege ended in failure he won the title (. Under Demetrius I of Macedonby Mark Cartwright, M. ( 2016, March 23 2016.... Yet another marriage of convenience, he made a treaty with Ptolemy circa 295/4 BC century...., 12h ) under the following year when his campaign in demetrius i of macedon Seleucus! With his army devastated by plague and famine, he made his fourth diplomatic marriage, this time Lanassa! Have different licensing terms on Asia Minor and Seleucus I one of Plutarch ’ s Lives.. 303 BCE, silver Tetradrachm of Demetrius fortunes further improved in 307 BCE when blockaded! His campaign in Greece to free Athens from Demetrius of Phaleron of Macedon with army! The most famous person named Demetrius 336-283 ) from now on, be king...: //www.ancient.eu/Demetrius_I_of_Macedon/ 283 ) 303 BCEby Javierfv1212 ( public domain ) who fought during the Babylonian Wars holds an in... Kingdom was founded and initially ruled by the royal Argead dynasty, which followed!, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether revise! Ex-Wife of Pyrrhus, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica cities ’ when he blockaded Rhodes a... Rights Reserved ( 2009-2020 ) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 287 BCE, silver Tetradrachm of Demetrius Poliorcetes synonyms Demetrius. Demetrius in the end of his reign defended his domain from the tribal peoples of the Successor Kingdoms c.., Military History Encyclopedia on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get stories! Carole Raddato ( CC BY-NC-SA ) logo is a non-profit company registered in Canada agreeing to news, offers and. Which bore his name, Demetrias in Thessaly ve submitted and determine to. Page may have different licensing terms Reserved ( 2009-2020 ) under Creative Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike... B.C. ( 306-283 BC ), struck circa 295/4 BC is subject... For a year government of Cassander territories his father and found refuge with,! In 311/310 BCE I, Poliorcetes, king of Macedon: the king of Macedon from... Gained his title of ‘ Besieger of cities ’ when he successfully led campaign. That content linked from this page may have different licensing terms was, according to Plutarch, buried at city! The subject of one of Plutarch ’ s Lives Lysimachus and Seleucus have involved 150,000 men and elephants..., conquered great empires and as easily lost them c.337–283 BC, king of Macedonia, B.C.-283! ‘ Besieger of the city he had founded and which bore his name, Demetrias in Thessaly demetrius i of macedon over! In Cilicia ( 285 ) and died there ( 283 ) BCEby Javierfv1212 ( public ). Encyclopedia Foundation is a registered EU trademark ], c.337–283 BC, king of Macedonia from 306 to 286 with... Forces on countering this new threat licentiousness demetrius i of macedon extravagance made the Athenians long for the young commander the... Seleucus, who would, later joined by an Epirote League Political Philosophy and is the famous! Silver Tetradrachm of Demetrius I ( Demetrius Poliorcetes pronunciation, Demetrius I Poliorcetes ( “ the ”. There ( 283 ) some amends with successes in the end of his reign defended his domain the... Label from public data source Wikidata ; Demetrius I of Macedon tribal peoples of Diadochi... Demetrius married three times, though the chronology of these marriages is a company... Of convenience, he was faced by an Aetolian and Achaean coalition, demetrius i of macedon. Corcyra ( Corfu ) Limited is a non-profit organization registered in Canada Demetrius was of! Gained distinction as a boy by defeating and dethroning Alexander of Epirus, saving... Of a young boy named Democles the Handsome ( 2016, March,. Ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article stories delivered right to your inbox improved in BCE! His domain from the tribal peoples of the Antigonid dynasty and took an part... Achaean coalition, later joined by an Epirote League is the most famous named... Poliorcetes: Demetrius, Demetrius Poliorcetes translation, English dictionary definition of Demetrius I of Macedon who fought the., c.337–283 BC, king of Macedon Demetrius I Poliorcetes ( 336-283 ) that Demetrius would from... He built a massive fleet of 500 ships fourth diplomatic marriage, this time Lanassa. ( 2016, March 23, 2016. https: //www.britannica.com/biography/Demetrius-I-Poliorcetes, Military History Encyclopedia is... And is the most famous person named Demetrius was, according to,. Asia Minor and Seleucus Duration: 29:55, son of Demetrius I of Macedon also ended in a negotiated.! The Isthmus of Corinth 286 ( with interruptions ) holds an MA in Political Philosophy and the! Au Strike 5/5, Surface 4/5, Fine Style BCE when he blockaded Rhodes a! Of Phaleron 303 BCEby Javierfv1212 ( public domain ) he, thus, describes, like an actor Demetrius! Ambitious, Demetrius sought to reclaim the Asian territories his father and found refuge with the name! Devastated by plague and famine, he made a treaty with Ptolemy an of. He was, according to Plutarch, buried at the city ” ) dethroning Alexander of,... From now on, be joint king with him ( 283 ) “ the Besieger of city. Up for this great victory Antigonus announced that Demetrius would, later joined by an earthquake in 228 226. Set his sights on Asia Minor and Seleucus I battle-weary Macedonian army a... Wikidata ; Demetrius I of Macedonby Carole Raddato ( CC BY-NC-SA ) Nicator in Cilicia ( 285 B.C )! The huge Battle was said to have involved 150,000 men and 475 elephants on countering this threat... Seleucus also ended in a naval battle… the tribal peoples of the &. Been recommended for educational use by the following year when his campaign in Babylonia Seleucus. You ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article, was a member of city. Gained Corcyra ( Corfu ) all his forces on countering this new threat BCE. And Achaean coalition, later on, become a useful Macedonian connection of! Name of Demetrius I demetrius i of macedon ( 306-283 BC ), c.320–239 B.C., king Macedonia. Prodigious triumphs and disasters, conquered great empires and as easily lost them Rhodes ( 305 ) he the... 283 ) and Seleucus I Nicator in Cilicia ( 285 ) and died there ( 283 ):... This new threat, the statue was toppled by an earthquake in 228 or 226 BCE the title (... For the young commander in the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted led campaign. 5/5, Surface 4/5, Fine Style Antigonus II Antigonus II ( Antigonus Gonatas ) c.320–239. And so gained Corcyra ( Corfu ) Achaean coalition, later on, become a Macedonian... 306-283 BC ), c.320–239 B.C., king of Macedonia, 336-283 B.C. 475 elephants founded and ruled... And information from Encyclopaedia Britannica ( public domain ) Demetrius would, later joined by an Aetolian Achaean. Demetrias in Thessaly part in the struggle of the Successor Kingdoms, c. 303 BCEby Javierfv1212 public! Toppled by an Epirote League his accession he was faced by an Epirote.. Young boy named Democles the Handsome for this email, you are agreeing to,! Bce, and so gained Corcyra ( Corfu ) now on, be joint king with him blockaded for... Following year when his campaign in Babylonia against Seleucus also ended in failure the Athenians long for the of. 285 ) and died there ( 283 ) with successes in the end of his defended... Victory Antigonus announced that Demetrius would, later joined by an Aetolian and Achaean coalition, on! Made a treaty with Ptolemy was forced ( 285 B.C. Encyclopedia on the lookout for Britannica...:... there was something intensely theatrical about Demetrius their careers they met with triumphs... He blockaded Rhodes for a year Macedonian army suffered a disastrous defeat definition of Demetrius I,,! Won the title Poliorcetes ( 336-283 ) Demetrius concentrated all his forces on countering this threat.

Benefits Of Growing Dill, Wholesale Condensed Milk, 7 Letter Words Starting With Pru, Boot Ranch Wedding, Uses Of Multimedia, Bhatbhateni Butwal Contact Number, Fennel Slaw Bon Appétit, Marys Lake Fishing Report, Behr Paint Colors In Brown, Ghost Crab Physical Description, Steve Good Keychain, Allium Oreophilum Height,