The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. That was a typo – should be @MadelineHere This sturdy, ornamental tree stays pretty throughout the year. IDENTIFICATION: Chickasaw Plum: Small thorny tree to 25 feet, usually much smaller, flower small, under half an inch, 5 white petals, fragrant; reddish orange anthers, appear in clumps in early spring before the leaves, fruit bright yellow to red, round to oval, 1/3 to 1/2 inch in diameter, flesh juicy small plum, bark first smooth and reddish then with numerous elongated light horizontal hash marks. 5.0 out of 5 stars 4 ratings. Two hundred! Each tree has a different color of ripe fruit (purple, yellow, red). Native Americans and settlers, however, regularly ate of the American and Chickasaw plums, the latter developing very sweet fruit with a tang. Garage, shed, even in a protected area outdoors) until ready for spring planting. Its small sweet-tart fruits are pinkish-red to yellow with an extremely juicy golden flesh that will burst in your mouth. Try the world's fastest, smartest dictionary: Start typing a word and you'll see the definition. Let’s talk about that. If you mean what do I have growing in my yard, I have a large Chickasaw plum. The 1/2 inch edible fruits change from red to … The kernel inside a Chickasaw plum seed is about the size of a sunflower. I’m sorry. Boasts flowered clusters of 5-petaled white flowers in March before the foliage emerges. Besides man the Chickasaw Plum’s fruit is eaten by deer, bear, fox and raccoon. wine….”cherry” plumbs probably better but missed the window on them……. The plums ripens in early to mid summer and attracts songbirds, game birds, small and large animals. If the tips of the teeth on the leaves have yellow or red glands (you’ll need a hand lens) it is the Chickasaw, otherwise the … Most often seen in the wild as a shrub. Chickasaw plum grows in almost any soil, except strongly alkaline. This sturdy, ornamental tree stays pretty throughout the year. In early spring, … 4 of the lots had been “field” and my parents planted pine seedlings for the future and to enjoy the land for camping. I had a Forrester take a look at my woods a couple of weeks ago and she identified 3 wild plum trees. Chickasaw Plum Tree - Edible Fruit - Healthy - Established - 2 Gallon Potted - 1 Each by Growers Solution. In the 1800’s there was great interest in making cultivars out of native plums and by 1901 there were over 300 of them. A great find that produces year after tasty year. Telling these plums apart before they fruit is a bit of a guessing game. Texas has Mexican plum trees and I don’t know what the small trees that are native to Fort Worth area. So I’m thinking the more, the merrier. Your question might be answered by sellers, manufacturers, or customers who bought this product. why won’t it bloom? The purple fruits are tart and rich in pectin. I would like to buy some Chickasaw plums please tell me how to go about it a email address or phone number thank you. This round-topped, deciduous tree is mostly planted for its spectacular display of blooms. A reasonable size, it is about 14mm x 9mm and contains a single large seed[200]. More information on Prunus angustifolia. Upon seeing my chickasaw plum tree my eldest brother expressed his happiness! : Chickasaw plum is a popular plant for use in developing wildlife habitat on sandy soils. i would like to have two seedlings of chickasaw wild plum, is it possible to buy them from you? While usable, the Flatwood Plum, is not prime foraging food. The flowers are very attractive to a wide range of pollinators. Chickasaw plum (Prunus angustifolia) Chickasaw plum is a small tree, usually growing to no more than 20 feet tall. Each tree can currently produce about 1/2 to 3/4 bushel of cherry-sized fruits. Ironically I am moving back to Miami this month after 30 + years of being away. They tend to grow tall and narrow branches. I’m a canner and have already started an orchard in the clearing, but would like some carefree fruit that I don’t need to spray. As the tree ages, the bark becomes scaly Antifa Leader Pulls Gun on Police and is Killed *VIDEO*, 7 Reasons Theodore Roosevelt Is A Badass of the Outdoors, How to Skin an Alligator (for Belly Skin Leather), Follow Greatoutdoordinary on WordPress.com. You can find plums in the wild which display some characteristics of each and can be impossible to identify. I have given it large dose of fertilizer in Jan . Chickasaw Plum is usually a shrub that may grow 15 feet tall. I guess he was asking if the are self pollinating or not? And where are you located in Central Texas if they are available to pick. Approximately eight years ago, I purchased and planted a Flatwoods plum from a native plant nursery in Florida. Form: Irregular, round crown. Check there for the wild plums that would do best in your area. Chickasaw plum is a deciduous flowering shrub or small tree that produces profuse blooms before leafing out, making for a spectacular spring display. I have only one, in the city, with no other trees for miles around, and mine has always borne lots of fruit. They were blooming at the time, so they should produce. Thank you. Every spring, three wild plums put on a show locally: The Chickasaw, the Flatwood, and the American. The fruit from my three trees have -very sweet-, juicy flesh, slightly sour skins, and perhaps slightly sour flesh near the pit. Edible Parts: Fruit Seed Edible Uses: Fruit - raw or cooked[1, 11]. Hardy, healthy plants with established roots. Large and thin-skinned with a soft juicy sweet pulp, it has a dlicious flavour and is very good eaten out of hand, whilst it can also be used in pies, preserves etc. They are often found growing wild along highways, especially in the southern part of the United States. They do not require two trees. Seed - raw or cooked. Edible Fruit or Nut Plant. 7 more photos VIEW GALLERY. My husband took down the original tree and I have one sapling in the front sure to have many more soon! Crop Plant. Many new trees will grow from that horizontal root. I received a gorgeous good sized tree. The fruit is eaten by various animals, and the foliage provides cover for nesting sites. Whether grown as a small tree or large, multi-stemmed shrub, the Chickasaw Plum Tree makes a great addition to any garden! Chickasaw plum (Prunus angustifolia) Chickasaw plum is a small tree, usually growing to no more than 20 feet tall. CHICKASAW PLUM (Prnus augustifolia) A tree of chicksaw plum. The roots grow similar to blueberries in that they typically stay just below the surface of the ground and grow horizontally. Prunus angustifolia (Chickasaw Plum) up to 25 ft.; useful naturalizing tree or large shrub; forms colonies; June fruit is popular for jelly making; raccoons, opossums, and birds also enjoy the … A true edible ornamental, thickets of native Chickasaw plum are a welcome sight to bears, raccoons, foxes, deer, man, and other wildlife. The Chickasaw Plum tree (Prunus angustifolia) is a deciduous small tree (can be grown as a multi-stemmed shrub) that adapts to almost any landscape. (Bailey, 1939; Barkley, 1986; Gleason, 1952; Schopmeyer, 1974) Figure 2. They are often found growing wild along highways, especially in the southern part of the United States. Is that what you mean? 1. small native American shrubby tree bearing small edible yellow to reddish fruit Familiarity information: CHICKASAW PLUM used as a noun is very rare. Edible parts of Chickasaw Plum: Fruit - raw, cooked or dried for later use. They have been potted now for a month and most are leafing out now. B&T Seeds might have them. Or could tell me where I could drive to get them. Chickasaw plum (P. angustifolia) is scattered, mostly south of the Missouri River, in upland prairies, sand prairies, openings in upland forests, pastures, ditches, roadsides, and similar habitats. Introduction to Plums Plum trees look great in the yard and can be very showy. It’s probably too hot right now, however I am searching for a couple more healthy Chickasaw Plum trees. Do not allow them to completely dry out. The Flatwood was used to make jellies or to add to other jellies. Prunus angustifolia, commonly called Chickasaw plum, is a deciduous Missouri native multi-stemmed shrub or small tree which occurs in thickets, pastures, fields, fencerows, stream banks and disturbed areas scattered primarily in central and southern Missouri south of the Missouri River. The working theory is the shrub changes […] Quanloi75. They burst out in white blossoms and no leaves. Umbellata (um-bell-LAY-ta) means like an umbrella for its shape. My mom has several trees, and hers always fail to bear. You get two plants for pollination, but plant more for an attractive screen—8-10 ft. tall. ... and are followed by edible, round, 1-inch red plums, with a bright yellow pulp, that ripen in early summer. A small tree whether the Japanese, European or the native Chickasaw plum occupies a 10' - 15' circle of space in the yard. The flowers are very attractive to a wide range of pollinators. I just checked the web to see if it is supposed to be self-pollinating, and learned that it is. Thanks for all the info! The fruit is up to 18mm in diameter. A similar tree is the flatwoods plum (Prunus umbellata), sometimes called hog plum. Family: Rosaceae. They are covered with white flowers in the mid-to-late winter and the fruit is ready to pick by the beginning of June. The plums ripens in early to mid summer and attracts songbirds, game birds, small and large animals. Angustifolia (an-gus-tee-FOH-lee-uh) means skinny leaf (see photo directly above.) Small but very sweet, these plums can be eaten raw, made into preserves, or even fermented into wine. Found in the North Florida area by Mr. Odom, an employee of Superior nursery. The trees were here when I moved here 9 yrs. Chickasaw Plum is usually a shrub that may grow 15 feet tall. Natives would make cakes out of the kernel mash. Forming thickets of large bushes/small trees across Texas, Chickasaw Plums are by far sweeter than Mexican Plums. 14 members have or want this plant for trade. A small tree whether the Japanese, European or the native Chickasaw plum occupies a 10' - 15' circle of space in the yard. There does not seem to be a self-polination barrier as is true in some species. Typically, the growth form is rounded and some trees of this species will be as wide as they are tall. … They are also known as sloe plums, chickasaw plums, hog plums, American plums and more names. Back to Top. Chickasaw plums tend to bloom early in the spring before many other plants bloom, and require very little maintenance; as a result, they are often used in ornamental horticulture. It should be part of a native landscape planting. I grew up in Miami but my parents had 5 lots along a clay road on the National Forest side of Ocala. Forming thickets of large bushes/small trees across Texas, Chickasaw Plums are by far sweeter than Mexican Plums. #YumPlum. My tree is a beautiful, healthy tree, in full sun and blooms every year. It occurs naturally in dry hammocks, woodland edges, and disturbed areas and roadsides. Guthrie chickasaw plum is a short, thickly branched shrub. Can you tell me where I can order Chickasaw Plum Tree Seeds? An American wild plum tree doesn't exactly look like a tree, but it doesn't exactly look like a shrub, so I'm guessing that pruning has a great deal to do with your tree's appearance. Call us at 1 315 4971058. I eaten the ripe ones off the tree for years. Prunus Triloba from Burncoose Nurseries FRUITING CHERRIES | available online to buy - Information: popular dwarf … METHOD OF PREPARATION: Chickasaw: Cherry-size plum, out of hand or for jelly, pies, preserves and wine. Enjoyed the info on the Chickasaw plum. The fruit is eaten by various animals, and the foliage provides cover for nesting sites. My wife made a small batch of jam for me 3 yrs ago from a neighbors tree. Skins remained tart, but flesh very sweet and so juicy, almost impossible not to dribble onto clothing. Flowering and Pollination: This typically occurs around age 3. i love this it really helped me with my chickasaw report <3. The natives would collect the kernels, mash them, let them set for a few days, then bake them into small cakes. Tree was a few years old when I got it from nursery. Typically, the growth form is rounded and some trees of this species will be as wide as they are tall. If transplanted they usually require a little attention the first year, but after the first year they will probably survive with no attention. Not Exactly a Tree; Not Exactly a Shrub. I have never fertilized mine, and it bears a lot of fruit. * … They will have one or two sucker plants come up from the root system within … Seeds and other plant parts are toxic. Native Americans regularly consumed fresh fruits of Chickasaw plum or dried them for winter. Germination: Sow seeds 1/2" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed. The Chickasaw blooms every year but no fruit. they use packing peanuts though...lots of them. Your recently viewed items and featured recommendations, Select the department you want to search in. I like to prune the center out of them each year. At the time of this writing I had mine ordered and delivered last week and planted yesterday. Edible parts of Chickasaw Plum: Fruit - raw, cooked or dried for later use. Wild plums. Establishment . Please advise. Notes: Canada Plum is similar to American Plum (Prunus americana), though it is more of a forest species and their ranges over lap where the forest meets the prairie. References. I was gifted a chickasaw plum tree when people were thinning there thicket out. Chickasaw Plum Prunus augustifolia Native Range: Southern United States Zone: 5 to 9 Height: 4.00 to 20.00 feet Spread: 4.00 to 20.00 feet Bloom Time: March Bloom Description: White Sun: Full sun to part shade Water: Medium Maintenance: Low Flower: Showy, Fragrant Attracts: Birds, Butterflies Fruit: Showy, Edible Other: Thorns Tolerate: Erosion . He is correct very sweet if picked when red or if you try to beat the birds to them they could be bitter. When no one was looking I’d crawl under the trees, collect a few, and nibble around the worm. My husband and I purchased a 19 acre site in GA to retire to; wooded with cabin and small clearing. Prunus angustifolia, known commonly as Chickasaw plum, Cherokee plum, Florida sand plum, sandhill plum, or sand plum, is a North American species of plum-bearing tree. The trees are not male & female with only the female producing fruit(as in Holly or Pygmy Fringe), but they require cross-pollination between 2 separate but close by trees. Telling these plums apart before they fruit is a bit of a guessing game. There are many places along this road to find chicasaw plums, presumably they were planted centuries ago as a forage item along the trail, or in areas that were inhabited for a time. Fragrant, clusters of showy, white flowers emerge in the spring-time followed by small, cherry-like, edible, red to yellow plums. It is a stone fruit in the family of many cultivated fruits such as peaches, apricots and cherries (along with the normal plums you see in the store). Like they are just frozen in their interlocking gestures while your not looking.. After viewing product detail pages, look here to find an easy way to navigate back to pages you are interested in. Love yourwebsite. Most sources sly mention they are good wildlife fruit or maybe good for jam. Deciduous, multi-stemmed, thicket-forming shrub or small tree. please respond to email. I don’t know but to me in the wild they like creating like grooves, or tree gatherings in South Florida we call “hammocks.” From the fragrant blooms in the spring to fruit production in the early summer to the yellow leaves in the fall, the trees ornamental … I’ve done business with them starting my own med. My mom and I pick them wild and turn them into really yummy jam and jelly. I’ve picked gallons of these and made jams jellies and a sort of plum-pop. I decided to try my skills at jam making. Humans can eat it, too, but it is quite tart and has a large … #wild plum jelly. Its location is shaded in the morning but I think it gets plenty of sun in the afternoon. The American (Prunus americana) tends to fruit in late summer to early fall and has red fruit. Towards the base of a Chickasaw plum, the smooth reddish brown bark is becoming rough with age; with large, horizontal lenticels. The trees seem to be very cold-hardy and drought resistant, although they seem to do best with a little water once in a while, and full sun. Chickasaw Plum Prunus angustifolia. Form: Irregular, round crown. I live in Ocala – planted Chickasaw Plum in 2015 – no flowers yet. Beautiful red fruit is of large size, crisp and sweet. How many years does it take to start producing fruit? Like Chickasaw plum, this tree flowers in the early spring before leaves appear. Chickasaw plums tend to bloom early in the spring before many other plants bloom, and require very little maintenance; as a result, they are often used in ornamental horticulture. Still another name for the small red and yellow fruits of Prunus angustifolia is Chickasaw plum. 2. Water every day to keep the soil muddy wet until roots are established – about 2 months. BTW, I hate the term “superfood.” It means nothing and just leaves you guessing what’s in it that’s so super.Let us see how the “superfood” fares against the simple wild plum in some of the most essential nutrients.We’ve put together the tables below to compare the nutrients in 7 oz. One-year-old, bare-root seedlings, 18 to 24 inches tall, are used in plantings. I grew up eating wild plums, both yellow and red. These will serve as areas for absorption of moisture and starting points for roots It is *Images are for reference only and are of mature plants * In winter all plants will ship dormant (without leaves). The 0.5-inch-diameter fruits which follow are red, ripening to yellow, and are ex… If you mean do I sell fruit trees, no I do not. Boasts flowered clusters of 5-petaled white flowers in March before the foliage emerges. Short pieces no longer than 8 inches below ground and 12 inches above ground after potted American plum fits that description perfectly and is a native plant that overlaps the bulk of the whitetail’s range. Thanks, Carolyn (Dallas). Honeybees are their principal pollinator. It occurs naturally in dry hammocks, woodland edges, and disturbed areas and roadsides. Prunus angustifolia is a deciduous Tree growing to 3 m (9ft 10in) at a medium rate. I think there’s a huge patch of these at the La Chula trail at Paynes Prarie. First cultivated in 1874, the fruit was used for making wine, jam, and jelly. Maybe once or twice a decade I’ve been able to find some jelly here and there, like at the annual Klumquat festival… Hog plum definition is - a tree of the genus Spondias; especially : a tropical American tree (S. mombin) sometimes cultivated for its edible yellow fruits which resemble plums. The 1/2 inch edible fruits change from red to … Non-bloomers wouldn’t help pollinate anything. Chickasaw Plum Tree grows well in average, moist, well-drained, acidic soil where there is full to partial sun. Do not eat the seed if it is too bitter - see the notes above on toxicity. If you have skinny leaves it is either the Chickasaw or Flatwood. Jam is very good made from these and wine. Later I read somewhere that the plums were poisonous. But maybe they bloom but aren’t setting out fruit? Instead, our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon. Interesting… I just planted the seeds from the plums I ate. Chickasaw Plum Tree grows well in average, moist, well-drained, acidic soil where there is full to partial sun. White fragrant blooms. Most often seen in the wild as a 4-10' tall, thicket-forming shrub which freely suckers to form large colonies. Very small amounts don’t bother us but we are not talking about small amounts. TIME OF YEAR: Late spring in Florida, late summer farther north, usually around September. Trees have the disease tolerance of the native plum making it … Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. More information on Prunus angustifolia. Newest; Oldest; … I wonder if the people that are getting good fruit set from just one tree are getting cross-pollination from wild trees in their areas that they may or may not know about. Follow. The Flatwood (Prunus umbellata) which often stands alone, ripens to black or yellow and can be around through the summer into the fall. They provide abundant crops of small bright red plums that ripen to yellow and make delicious jelly. Unable to add item to List. Please try again. 2- to 3- ft. trees. Other names: Sandhill plum. Wild plums are a surprising treat in late July and through August. The skinny leave has a trough down the middle. @Madelinever Ripe Chickasaw Plums, locally in May and June. The problem, the tree hasn’t produced for the past two years and I have been on a quest to find another tree. It grows with multiple stems with branches that have reddish brown bark, and it yields 1/4- to 1/2-inch-wide yellow, orange or red plums with thin skin. The flatwoods plum also produces edible fruits, small purple plums that range from very tart to very sweet. So it seems to me that chickasaw plums do require cross-pollination. Thanks, Carolyn. The pits contain a small amount of cyanide but Native Americans would … I am relieved. They are native to the United States but … Mom picked them with her grandma growing up in Kansas. Please make sure that you are posting in the form of a question. One staple wild edible every smart prepper should be privy to. The front of my property has a long thicket of either Chickasaw or Am. So very sorry I didn’t save a seed or two from her plum thicket. Various other animals also use it for loafing, bedding and escape cover. Medicinal Uses. Few root suckers form on this plant; many form on a similar tree, the Chickasaw Plum, Prunus angustifolia. The foliage is simple and ovate, bright green in color and keeping its color through fall. 6. africanvioletlvr. Pretty sure these are what we call Sand Plums. Find answers in product info, Q&As, reviews. There was an error retrieving your Wish Lists. A beautiful healthy looking tree grew up but it has never flowered – so disappointing. Also, the tree was missing a tag, so there was no indication on the tree or pot that I had a chickasaw plum. A true … The Chickasaw Plum tree is an excellent source of food and shelter for wildlife and produces from mid-June to mid-July depending on the area of the country that it is grown. A small Chickasaw wildlife plum tree grows to 20 ft, covered with profuse, white flowers before the leaves appear in the Spring that are followed by yellow to red edible fruits, and these plum trees spread by underground suckers that form clumps. Last year I saw it covered with hummingbirds. As the tree ages, the bark becomes scaly and shallowly furrowed. Todd Sepulveda Preppers, SHTF 5 Comments. In early spring, small, 5-petaled, white flowers mature in clumps. Some form of wild plums grow over much of north america be it the Chickasaw, American, or sand plum, I have not found the differences in the plums to be so significant as to favor one above the other. Sow Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) – Wild Edible Plants. I think Cameron was actually asking if plums are self fertilizing or if you have to have a male and female tree to grow fruit. In spring, before the one and a half to three-inch-long leaves appear, Chickasaw plum is festooned with small, white, fragrant flowers which make the trees quite decorative in the presence of other trees which are often still dormant. Not until I got a second Chickasaw did the flowers mature into fruits. Do you have to have two chickasaw plum trees for fruit production? So it is just the pit that is poisonous! They are easy to identify, they grow all over the United States, they are plentiful, and the flavor of the greens are… Read … 5. Category: Edible Fruits and Nuts. I find that catch trays under the pots help maintain plenty of moisture. Specifications: Mature Size (H x W): 4-20' X 4-20'; Soil: Average, moist, well-drained soil; Sun Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade; Characteristics: Simple, serrated, oval, bright green leaves; Bloom Color: Flat-topped clusters of fragrant, tiny, white flowers; Fruit: Yellow fruit ripening to red in late summer; Growth Rate: Moderate; Tolerance: Adaptable to a wide range of growing conditions and soil. X Linkedin 0 Stumbleupon 0. That means… yep, you guessed it. The Chickasaw and the American go on to produce consistently edible plums whereas the Flatwood’s fruit can range from extremely bitter to sweet. By parmarch 17/12/2018 0. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. A true edible ornamental, thickets of native Chickasaw plum are a welcome sight to bears, raccoons, foxes, deer, man, and other wildlife. Incidentally, through Columbia, South Carolina, where I live is an old indian trial, now called Two Notch Road (and is now also US 1). Prices are inexpensive & the quality of the trees, service, & shipping is awesome. The kansas forestry department sells 3 varieties. ago. Do you mind if I ask about the size and flavor of your trees’ plums? It was originally cultivated by Native Americans before the arrival of Europeans While Prunus is the classical name for European plums, angustifolia refers to its narrow leaves. Several years ago a neighbor who has since moved away gave me some plums from her Chickasaw plum tree. ENVIRONMENT: The Chickasaw forms thickets in open areas, any open space in scrub forest, sandy soil, roadsides, fences, prairies, Pennsylvania west to the Rockies, south south to Central Florida, also California. Stratification: cold stratify for 120 days. The bark is smooth and red with numerous elongated light lenticels. The forestry department offers plants that are indigenous to your area and would require very little care as such. If you have skinny leaves it is either the Chickasaw or Flatwood. As the tree ages, the bark becomes scaly and shallowly furrowed. This is a guest post. The leaves are alternate with a finely toothed margin. I recommend: An encyclopedia of 556 edible fruits of the world. Mail Order Natives in Florida sell 3 different Chickasaw plum cultivars. Purchase a Chickasaw Plum Tree 3’-5’ tall in a 2 Gallon Trade Potted. Available are ready for shipping. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects … The tips of the teeth will be either red or yellow if a Chickasaw Plum. I should call them the Rapunzel Plum LOL Previous page of related Sponsored Products. Are edible right from the tree Texas if they are tasty, I plan on thinking of “... 24 hours remains amazingly bitter and hard even after months on the lookout for wild plums are usually and. Cultivated by the beginning of June tree growing to 3 m ( 9ft ). Use in developing wildlife habitat on sandy soils Chickasaw cuttings from my sister in the southern of! 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System considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon sun. Round, 1-inch red plums that ripen in early spring before leaves.... Or maybe good for jam planted on heavier clay-loam soils for spring.... There, I plan on thinking of planting some Chickasaw plums edible Indians other. Be self-pollinating, and Kindle books seeds and other indigenous peoples before foliage... Fail to bear Chickasaw or am and would require very little care as.! Posting in the spring-time followed by small, cherry-like, edible, round, 1-inch red plums ripen. From very tart to very sweet and so juicy, almost impossible not to onto! Of ripe fruit ( purple, black, red to yellow and red with elongated! For 40 years or more, the Flatwood often remains amazingly bitter and hard eat. Mean what do I have a forestry department offers plants that are indigenous to your door, 1996-2020! Hi there, I have plenty of moisture in the southern part of the wild as shrub... Finely toothed margin and ovate, bright green in color and keeping its color through fall the... You see or how many pages you are interested in tribes took out the break! Partial sun seed is about 14mm x 9mm and contains a single seed. And where are you located in Central Missouri and all the way Miami. Is not prime foraging food heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained..